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What are stye symptoms and signs?

Contents of this article:

Stye is characterized by the acute course. Visually, there is a swelling noted in the upper or lower eyelid zone. It is painful, has a tight-elastic consistency, the skin over the swelling is inflamed and swollen. Some patients have stye accompanied by phenomena of intoxication, which is expressed via fever, headache, and weakness. Furthermore, there is an increase of regional lymph nodes.

In 2-3 days after the disease started, there is a festering at the very top of the swelling. Subsequently, it will burst with the release of pus. Sometimes stye passes out independently before reaching the stage of suppuration. In this case, the swelling resolves in a few days.

There are some of the main symptoms and signs of a stye:

  • Redness and swelling on the upper or lower eyelid;
  • Painful with tight-elastic consistency on your eyelid;
  • Burning in the eye;
  • Tenderness to touch;
  • Droopiness of the eyelid;
  • Scratchy sensation on the eyeball;
  • Blurred vision;
  • High sensitivity to light;
  • Secondary symptoms such as fever, headache, nausea.


Drain the abscess at home does not guarantee rapid treatment of stye. On the contrary, such manipulation is very dangerous and can cause the spread of the inflammation area. In order to know how to treat stye, it is important and desirable to get acquainted with the most common ways of getting rid of this disease.

Another condition that causes inflammation of the eyelid is a chalazion. A chalazion occurs when there’s a blockage in one of the small oil glands at the margin of the eyelid, just behind the eyelashes. Unlike a sty, a chalazion usually isn’t painful and tends to be most prominent on the inner side of the eyelid. Treatment for both conditions is similar.

Today, many ways and means help to fight against the disease. However, only an experienced professional doctor can assign the most correct treatment. Therefore, various methods of traditional medicine should be used as auxiliary and only after consulting with the doctor.

Stye on the upper / lower eyelid: symptoms

1. External stye is an inflammation of the sebaceous glands on the eyelid, which is accompanied by an acute course. At the beginning of the disease, there is a swelling and redness of the edge on the upper eyelid. In some patients, the swelling becomes so large that it becomes impossible to open the eyes. For others, the swelling is not that large. The severity of pain directly depends on the edema size.

In a few days, there is a spot with a purulent head formed in the middle of a swelling site. Eventually, pain is reduced, stye bursts in 2-3 days, and pus comes out of the capsule. Redness and swelling disappear in about a week. After a stye capsule burst occurs, there can remain an inconspicuous scar. Although, in most cases there are no consequences like that occurring.

2. Internal kind of stye on the upper eyelid has similar symptoms as the external one. However, its main difference is that the inflammation occurs in the inner tissue of an eyelid. Stye on the upper eyelid is accompanied by pain and swelling; festering is close to the conjunctiva. In most cases, internal stye capsule bursts in the conjunctival sac.

Stye in a child’s eye: symptoms

  • Redness, itching and swelling on the eyelid;
  • An increase in body temperature, regional lymph nodes increase;
  • Weakness and headache.

If the stye is of external type, then in a few days there will appear a capsule with purulent contents at the edge of the eyelid. It will burst in next 3-4 days, and this will let the pus to come out.

Internal stye in a child is one on the inner surface of the eyelid. It may be complicated by phlegmon on the eyelid, purulent meningitis, or thrombophlebitis on the eyelid.

When to see a doctor?

Most sties are harmless to your eye and won’t affect your ability to see clearly. Try self-care measures first, such as applying a warm washcloth to your closed eyelid for 5 to 10 minutes several times a day and gently massaging the eyelid. Contact your doctor if:

  • The sty doesn’t start to improve after 48 hours
  • Redness and swelling extend beyond your eyelid and involve your cheek or other parts of your face


Your doctor will usually diagnose a sty just by looking at your eyelid. Your doctor may use a light and a magnifying device to examine your eyelid. Be ready, an ophthalmologist will ask questions about whether one has had any injury or previous eye problems or surgeries. Frequently, a history of similar symptoms is useful, so be sure to tell an ophthalmologist if you have previously experienced them. One’s eyelid and facial hygienic habits, along with any cosmetic usage, are also useful information for an ophthalmologist.