WHAT IS A EYE STYE? BASIC KNOWLEDGE.
A Stye is an eye disease in which there is purulent inflammation of hair follicles in the eyelashes, in the located next to them sebaceous gland, or in meibomian glands’ lobule. Besides the pain caused, stye spoils the way a person looks. No cosmetic product may be able to hide the stye ball, filled with purulent content.
Stye treatment should be initiated promptly and immediately after the diagnosis is defined. This will prevent the risk of infection. However, before stye is treated, it is to understand the reasons of its occurrence. It will help reduce the risk of recurrence of the disease in the future.
Causes of eye stye
In most cases, stye, accompanied by severe pain, occurs under the influence of Staphylococcus bacteria. Besides, the disease provokes:
- Low body defenses;
- Non-following the rules of eyelid hygiene, use of poor quality or outdated cosmetics;
- Hormonal changes or vitamin deficiency;
- Severe hypothermia;
- Diseases of the endocrine system and the gastrointestinal tract;
- Eye diseases such as meibomitis, blepharitis and rosacea;
- And even stress;
The effectiveness of the treatment depends on the timely correction of the underlying disease, which contributed to the emergence of stye. So before you treat stye, it is important to identify it from other ocular tumors. To do this, it is important to know the basic symptoms of the disease.
Stye is characterized by the acute course. Visually, there is a swelling noted in the upper or lower eyelid zone. It is painful, has a tight-elastic consistency, the skin over the swelling is inflamed and swollen. Some patients have stye accompanied by phenomena of intoxication, which is expressed via fever, headache, and weakness. Furthermore, there is an increase of regional lymph nodes.
In 2-3 days after the disease started, there is a festering at the very top of the swelling. Subsequently, it will burst with the release of pus. Sometimes stye passes out independently before reaching the stage of suppuration. In this case, the swelling resolves in a few days.
There are some of the main symptoms of a stye:
- Redness and swelling on the upper or lower eyelid;
- Painful with tight-elastic consistency on your eyelid;
- High sensitivity to light;
- Secondary symptoms such as fever, headache, nausea.
Drain the abscess at home does not guarantee rapid treatment of stye. To learn how to quickly cure stye click here. On the contrary, such manipulation is very dangerous and can cause the spread of the inflammation area. In order to know how to treat stye, it is important and desirable to get acquainted with the most common ways of getting rid of this disease.
Today, many ways and means help to fight against the disease. However, only an experienced professional doctor can assign the most correct treatment. Therefore, various methods of traditional medicine should be used as auxiliary and only after consulting with the doctor.
Home remedies for the treatment of eye stye
Treatment using the home remedies can significantly reduce inflammation and prevent the spread of infection. The most common means are:
- Warm compress. First, wet a clean towel with hot water (but not boiling) and place it on closed eye for 10-15 minutes, repeating 2-3 times a day. This simple procedure will increase circulation to the inflammation area and speed up the healing process.
- Marigold or Chamomile infusions. To make it, dry flowers are poured with boiling water, and infused for 30 minutes. Then, a cotton swab is dipped into the warm infusion, and the affected area is wiped every 2-3 hours.
- Lotions. You will need to cut off a leaf of aloe, wash it well, chop, and infuse in a glass of cool boiled water. After this, you can use the substance for lotions.
Stye: medication treatment
At the initial stage, moxibustion of defeated areas with iodine solution, brilliant green, or rubbing alcohol may be carried out. For this, a cotton swab is dipped in a solution, and then is applied to the affected area for 25 minutes. The procedure should be carried out at least 4-6 times a day.
Stye is an inflammatory disease, that’s why in order to prevent it, antibiotics are widely used. Drops, the most common of which is Similasan (Similasan Stye Eye Relief Drops), are to be used at least 3-4 times per day. Drops are dispensed from pharmacies without a doctor’s prescription, however, the treatment must be carried out for its intended purpose. Eyedrops are to be put not on the eyeball, but in the conjunctival sac. If stye is accompanied by symptoms of intoxication, the use of antibiotics may be also per oral. For an eye stye that has not resolved in three weeks, unfortunately, you may be prescribed oral antibiotics by your doctor. Doxycycline (Adoxa, Atridox) is an oral antibiotics that is used to treat different types of styes.
Treatment involves the use of medications and ointments for stye. They are to be put on the lower eyelid before bedtime. Ointment, spread throughout the eyelid, creates a visual impairment, so it is not recommended to use it during the day. Ointments for stye are not very popular because of the inconvenience, however, are effective.
The most common one is Ophthalmic Erythromycin. These ointments do not melt and get to the site of inflammation easily. The only drawback is the thick consistency. But this problem is already solved by pharmaceutical companies which decided to release gels with antibacterial action.
UHF treatment positively effects upon stye treatment. It is carried out only if the patient’s body temperature is not on the rise.
Surgical treatment is recommended rarely. For example, if the size of a stye ball / abscess is too large, or a long-term treatment did not cause the expected effect. In this case, the doctor pierces the abscess with a needle, or performs a small incision over it. This will allow the pus to come out, and the eyelid will get rid of infection.
Any disease is easier to be prevented than to be cured. Stye is not an exception. Therefore, in order to prevent the disease and reduce the risk of recurrence, one should regularly improve the immunity, be physically active, avoid stress, hypothermia, and eat well. Also, do not let the disease to become chronic, and follow the rules of good personal hygiene.
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