WHAT IS A EYE STYE? BASIC KNOWLEDGE
Contents of this article:
Eye Stye is an eye disease with purulent inflammation of hair follicles in the eyelashes, which can be in the sebaceous gland, or in meibomian glands’ lobule. It can cause not only pain, but also stye spoils a person look. Any cosmetic product can’t help to hide stye ball, which is fulled of purulence.
Stye treatment should be started immediately after the diagnosis is defined. It will prevent the risk of infection. However, before treatment, the reasons of stye should be identified. It will help reduce the risk of recurrence of the disease in the future.
Causes of eye stye
In most cases, stye is accompanied by strong pain, which is occurred by the influence of Staphylococcus bacteria. Besides this, the disease can cause:
- Low body defenses;
- Disregard of the rules of eyelid hygiene, use of law quality or outdated cosmetics;
- Hormonal changes or vitamin deficiency;
- Severe hypothermia;
- Diseases of the endocrine system and the gastrointestinal tract;
- Eye diseases such as meibomitis, blepharitis and rosacea;
- Moreover, even stress.
The effectiveness of the treatment depends on the timely correction of the primary disease, which causes stye. So before, stye treatment, it is important to identify it from other ocular tumors. For this, it is important to know the basic symptoms of the disease.
Stye is characterized by the acute course. Visually, there is a swelling in the upper or lower eyelid zone. It is painful, has a tight-elastic consistency, the skin over the swelling is inflamed and swollen. Some patients have stye accompanied by the symptom of intoxication, which is expressed via fever, headache, and weakness. Besides, there is adenopathy.
In 2-3 days after the disease started, there is a festering at the very top of the swelling. Subsequently, it will burst with the purulence. Sometimes stye disappeared itself before festering. In this case, the swelling disappear in a few days.
There are some of the main symptoms of a stye:
- Redness and swelling on the upper or lower eyelid;
- Soreness with tight-elastic consistency on your eyelid;
- High sensitivity to light;
- Secondary symptoms such as fever, headache, nausea.
Drain the abscess at home does not guarantee rapid treatment of stye. How quickly cure stye click here. On the contrary, such manipulation is very dangerous and can cause the spread of the inflammation area. In order to know how to treat stye, it is important and desirable to know the most common ways of getting rid of this disease.
Nowadays, there are many ways help to fight against the disease. However, only an experienced professional doctor can assign the most correct treatment. Therefore, various methods of traditional medicine should be used as supporting and only after consulting with the doctor.
Home remedies for the treatment of eye stye
Treatment using the home ways can greatly reduce inflammation and prevent the spread of infection. The most common ways are:
- Warm compress. Firstly, wet a clean towel with hot water (but not boiling) and put it on closed eye for 10-15 minutes, repeating 2-3 times a day. This simple procedure will increase circulation of the inflammation area and speed up the healing process.
- Marigold or Chamomile infusions. To make it, dry flowers are poured with boiling water, and infused for 30 minutes. Then, a cotton swab is dipped into the warm infusion, and the affected area is wiped every 2-3 hours.
- Lotions. You need to cut off a leaf of aloe, wash it well, chop, and infuse in a glass of cool boiled water. After this, you can use the substance for lotions.
Stye: medication treatment
Initially, moxibustion of defeated areas with iodine solution, brilliant green, or rubbing alcohol may be used. For this, a cotton swab is dipped in a solution, and then is put to the affected area for 25 minutes. The procedure should be done at least 4-6 times a day.
Stye is an inflammatory disease, that’s why to prevent it, antibiotics are widely used. Drops, the most common of which is Similasan (Similasan Stye Eye Relief Drops), are used at least 3-4 times per day. Drops are got from pharmacies without a doctor’s prescription; however, the treatment must be done for its intended purpose. Eyedrops are put not on the eyeball, but in the conjunctival sac. If stye is accompanied by symptoms of intoxication, the use of antibiotics may be also per oral. If the stye is not treated in three weeks, doctor should prescribe oral antibiotics. Doxycycline (Adoxa, Atridox) is an oral antibiotics that is used to treat different types of styes.
Treatment involves the use of medications and ointments for stye. They are put on the lower eyelid before bedtime. Ointment, spread throughout the eyelid, creates a visual impairment, so it is not recommended to use it during the day. Ointments for stye are not very popular because of the inconvenience, however, are effective.
The most common one is Ophthalmic Erythromycin. These ointments do not melt and are put on the area of inflammation easily. The only drawback is the thick consistency. But this problem is already solved by pharmaceutical companies which decided to release gels with antibacterial action.
UHF treatment positively affects upon stye treatment. It is used only if the patient’s body temperature is normal.
Surgical treatment is recommended rarely. For example, if the size of a stye ball / abscess is too large, or a long-term treatment did not cause the expected effect. In this case, the doctor pierces the abscess with a needle, or performs a small incision over it. It will allow the purulence to come out, and the eyelid will get rid of infection.
Any disease is easier to be prevented than to be cured. Stye is not an exception. Therefore, in order to prevent the disease and reduce the risk of recurrence, you should regularly improve the immunity, be physically active, avoid stress, hypothermia, and eat well. Also, do not let the disease to become chronic, and follow the rules of good personal hygiene.
Article updated 14.08.2016